The Italian Renaissance was one of the most exciting periods in human civilization. It witnessed a great flourishing of the arts, literature, philosophy, architecture and politics. Many of the important artistic and political figures appeared during the Italian Renaissance, including Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Machiavelli and Raphael. The Renaissance’s days of glories occurred from approximately 1400-1500. However, several factors led to the end of the Renaissance and the end of one of the most creative periods in human history.